Survivors of Nazi death camps celebrate the 79th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz on Holocaust Remembrance Day

Police were also on alert after pro-Palestinian activists indicated they would ignore a police order and continue with a march planned to coincide with Holocaust commemorations. The Jewish community in Italy has complained that such protests have become occasions for the memory of the Holocaust to be exploited by anti-Israel forces and used against Jews.

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, there are Jews and Muslims from the country and from abroad They gathered in Srebrenica to jointly celebrate Holocaust Remembrance Day, Promoting compassion and dialogue in the middle The war between Israel and Hamas.

It is organized by the Center for the Preservation of Europe's only recognized genocide memory since the Holocaust – Massacre In 1995, more than 8,000 Bosnian Muslims were killed in Srebrenica in Bosnia's ethnic war.

This event underscored the message that both communities share the experience of persecution and must remain united in their commitment to peace.

New York law professor Menachem Rosensaft told The Associated Press on the eve of his participation in the Srebrenica commemoration that this year's celebrations were of particular importance. This is because it comes just months after Hamas's October 7 attack on Israel, which became the largest massacre of Jews since the Holocaust, he said.

“We need to bring people together and find common ground,” said Rosensaft, the son of a Holocaust survivor. “To make sure this never happens again, this must become the conscience of the world.”

He said International Remembrance Day, established by the United Nations in 2005, is important to ensure that the world remembers the Holocaust long after the survivors and their ancestors are gone.

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Earlier this week, the countries of the former Yugoslavia signed an agreement in Paris to jointly renovate Auschwitz's red-brick Building 17 and establish a permanent exhibition there in memory of some 20,000 people who were deported from their lands and transported to Germany. roadblock. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia and Slovenia will participate in the project.

A white rose was laid at “Gleis 17”, track 17, the memorial site for the transfer of the train from Berlin to the camp, on International Holocaust Remembrance Day in Berlin on Saturday. Markus Schreiber/AFP

Preserve the camp, a notorious symbol The atrocities of the HolocaustThe world, with its cruel, misleading portal “Arbeit Macht Frei” (“Work Makes One Free”), requires sustained effort by historians and experts, and huge sums of money.

The Nazis, who occupied Poland from 1939 to 1945, initially used the old Austrian military barracks at Auschwitz as a concentration and death camp for Polish resistance fighters. In 1942, wooden barracks, gas chambers and crematoriums were added at Birkenau to exterminate European Jews, Roma and other citizens, as well as Russian prisoners of war.

Soviet Red Army forces liberated Auschwitz-Birkenau on January 27, 1945, and there were about 7,000 prisoners, both children and those who were too weak to walk. The Germans had evacuated tens of thousands of other prisoners on foot days earlier in what is now called the death march, because many prisoners died from exhaustion and cold in the low temperatures.

Since 1979, Auschwitz-Birkenau has been included on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

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