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A revolutionary satellite started to reveal the celestial bodies in a new light and the “Moon Sniper” lunar landing vehicle on Wednesday night.
The Japanese Space Agency, which was re-scheduled several times due to bad weather, was launched on board the H-IIA missile from the Tangashima Space Center at 7:42 pm EST on Wednesday, or 8:42 am Japan’s record time Thursday.
The Xrism lunar lunar lighter and the Xrism lighter vehicle started on Thursday morning.
The event was broadcast directly on Jacqua on YouTubeThe broadcasts are offered in English and Japanese.
XRISM (Specific Crisis), also called a name The mission of X -ray and spectral analysisIt is a common task between the Japanese Space Explorement Agency (Jaxa) and NASA, with the participation of the European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency.
Godard Space Flight Center
An artistic show shows how Xrism will look like as soon as it reaches orbit.
Along the trip there is Slim from Jaxa, or The smart landing vehicle to explore the moon. This small exploratory landing vehicle is designed to prove the “specified” landing at a specific location within a distance of 100 meters (328 feet), instead of the model kilometer range, by relying on high -resolution landing technology. The accuracy led to the title of mission, Moon Sniper.
The satellite and its devices will monitor the hottest areas in the universe, and the largest structures and bodies with the strongest gravity, according to NASA. Xrism will discover X -ray light, which is an invisible wavelength for humans.
Study of stellar explosions and black holes
X -rays are launched from some of the most active bodies and events in the universe, which is why astronomers want to study.
“Some of the things that we hope to study with Xrism include the effects of stellar explosions and particles close to light that are launched by massive black holes in galaxy centers,” said Richard Kelly, the lead researcher at XRISM at the Juddard Center for Nasa Space Flights. In Greenpelet, Maryland, in a statement. “But of course, we are very excited about all the unexpected phenomena that Xrism will discover while monitoring us.”
Compared to the other wavelengths of light, the X -rays are so short that they pass through mirrors in the form of a plate that monitors and collects visible light, infrared and ultraviolet radiation such as James Web and Hubble Space Telescopes.
Taking into consideration, Xrism contains thousands of intertwined, curved and designed mirrors to detect X -rays. The satellite will need calibration for a few months as soon as it reaches its orbit. The task is designed for three years.
Taylor Michal / NASA
XRISM contains two special mirror matrices for X -ray detection.
The industrial moon can detect X -rays ranging from 400 to 12,000 electron volts, which much exceeds visible light energy at 2 to 3 electron volts, according to NASA. The scope of this discovery will allow the study of extreme cosmic borders across the universe.
The satellite carries two tools called Resolution and Xten. Resolve tracked small transformations at temperatures that help him determine the source of X -rays, their composition, movement and physical condition. Resolution works at a negative temperature of 459.58 ° F (273.10 ° C), which is a temperature of around 50 times cooler from the distant spaceThanks to a refrigerator container containing liquid helium.
This tool will help astronomers to detect cosmic puzzles such as the chemical details of the glowing hot gas within the galaxies groups.
Kelly said: “The Xrism Resolution tool will allow us to delve into the formation of cosmic X -ray sources to the point that it was not possible before,” Kelly said. “We expect many new ideas about the hottest bodies in the universe, which include explosive stars, black holes, galaxies, and galaxies.”
Meanwhile, Xtend Xrism will be provided with one of the largest areas of vision on an X -ray satellite.
“The spectra that Xrism collects will be the most detailed we have seen ever for some of the phenomena that we will notice,” Brian Williams, the NASA XRISM project in Godard, said in a statement. “The task will provide us with an insight into some of the most difficult places in the study, such as the internal structures of neutron stars and particles close to the speed of light supported by black holes in active galaxies.”
Meanwhile, Slim uses its payment system to go to the moon. The spacecraft will reach the orbit of the moon after three to four months of its launch, and revolve around the moon for one month, and begin to land and try to drop smoothly after four to six months of launch. If the landing vehicle succeeds, the technological show will also study the moon’s surface for a short period.
The smart landing journey model can be seen to investigate the moon at the Tangashima Space Center.
Unlike other recent relegation missions aimed at the southern pole of the moon, Slim targets a location near a small lunar collision hole called Siwali, near the sea of nectar, where it will achieve the formation of rocks that may help scientists detect their origins from the moon. The landing site is located south of the Sea of Calm, where the Apollo 11 vehicle landed near the moon’s equator in 1969.
After the United States, the former Soviet Union and China, India has become the fourth country that carries out a decrease in the moon when it is possible Chandrayaan-3 mission has arrived August 23 near the southern pole of the moon. Previously, the Lunar Hakuto-R landholding of the Japanese company ISPace fell at an altitude of 3 miles (4.8 km) before that. collide with the moon While trying to land in April.
The SLIM probe has vision -based navigation technology. Achieving accurate landing on the surface of the moon is a major goal for Jacqua and other space agencies.
Resources rich areas, such as the southern pole of the moon and its surroundings Permanent shades are full of water iceIt also represents a number of risks with drilling and rocks. Future missions will need to be able to land in a narrow area to avoid these features.
Slim also has a lightweight design that can be suitable as agencies plan for more frequent tasks and exploring satellites around other planets such as Mars. The Japanese space exploration agency confirms that if the SLIM project succeeds, it will prevent the tasks from “landing where we can land where we want.”
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