G20 Explainer: Everything you need to know about this week’s crucial summit | G20

What is happening?

On Tuesday, leaders of the Group of 20 nations – the world’s major economies – will gather in Bali, Indonesia for an annual summit overshadowed by Russia’s presence during its war in Ukraine. Despite President Vladimir Putin’s withdrawal, his veteran foreign minister, Sergei Lavrov, will represent Russia.

The Group of Twenty – made up of 19 countries plus the European Union – accounts for nearly two-thirds of the world’s population, 85% of world economic output and 75% of world trade.

As of 2022, there were 20 members in the group: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, ChinaFrance, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, South Korea, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the European Union.

What are the main issues?

In addition to keynote speeches by world leaders, a set of bilateral talks will be held against the backdrop of global tensions involving Invasion of Ukraine And the ensuing world Economic repercussionsThe climate crisisAnd the North Korea’s nuclear program boiling offAnd the China’s growing global ambitions.

It is the largest gathering of the group of leaders since the start of the coronavirus pandemic, and Indonesia – as the host country – has set an agenda focusing on economic recovery from the pandemic, global health measures and sustainable energy.

What is the main meeting to watch?

Although it is not a strict G20 meeting, Joe Biden and his Chinese counterpart Xi JinpingIn Bali on a Monday afternoon For their first face-to-face meeting as leaders. Biden – Who Now Has More Political Capital After the results of the US midterm elections – He said he would seek to set red lines in US-China relations that would allow competition and coexistence. It is also expected to warn of the invasion of Taiwan, efforts to restrict navigation in the South China Sea.

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US National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan said Biden would be “quite direct and direct” with Xi and expect the same in return. Officials say it will push China to rein in North Korea, its ally, after a record series of missile tests have raised fears that Pyongyang will soon conduct its seventh nuclear test.

Shi may not be in the mood to help. He entered the meeting buoyed by the recent acquisition of a historic third term in office, cementing him as the most powerful Chinese leader for generations.

Who will go too?

British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak He also went to Bali, where he faces his first major diplomatic test. He is expected to focus on the Russian invasion of Ukraine directly and emphasize Kyiv’s support. “We will summon the Putin regime and reveal its utter contempt for the kind of international cooperation and respect for sovereignty that forums like the G20 represent,” Sunak said in a statement on Saturday. The President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelensky, was invited to speak almost at the summit.

Biden and Sunak Face to face meeting for the first time At the G20 on Wednesday as US diplomats ramped up pressure to agree a deal on northern Ireland Protocol for the 25th Anniversary of the Good Friday Agreement next year. Biden has indicated he will visit Northern Ireland to celebrate the anniversary, and has long been keen to protect the agreement.

The British Prime Minister is also scheduled to hold a one-on-one meeting with Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, Mohammed bin Salman.

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Other world leaders in attendance will include Indonesian President Joko Widodo, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese, South Korean President Yun Suk-yul, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and French President Emmanuel Macron from the south. African President Cyril Ramaphosa, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Argentine President Alberto Fernandez, Mexican Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard and Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni.

Outgoing Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro will not attend.

The European Union will be represented by Ursula von der Leyen and Charles Michel.

Are we going to get an embarrassing group photo this year?

No, there is a will Shouldn’t it be an official “family photo” of world leaders When they met due to widespread annoyance with Russia’s presence at the top.

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